History of Kolkata

The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata is located in the eastern part of India and is one of the most notorious metropolises in India. Owing to its strategic position, the megacity has witnessed several major political and social paroxysms in the history and hence its history occupies a significant place in the chronological description of the entire script of the Indian key and the rest of the world. Calcutta also endured some veritably notorious regal as well as regulatory rules that deeply told its culture.
Ancient origin
Although archaeologists believe that Calcutta has been inhabited for further than two thousand times, its documented history only begins after the appearance of the British East India Company in 1690. Ancient substantiation suggests that Calcutta was an established trading center long before the appearance of the Delhi Sultanate., Mughals, Portuguese, French or British. The origins of the megacity date back to the Maurya and Gupta ages. The megacity was also mentioned in the ancient grand Mahabharata.
From Calicut to Calcutta
Kalikata is believed to have been the ancient name of the megacity and was deduced from the Bengali word” Kalikshetra” meaning” Land of the Goddess Kali”. There’s also a belief that the megacity derives its name from the point of its original agreement on the banks of a conduit( khal). The British gave the megacity the name Calcutta, which is an anglicized interpretation of the Bengali name Kalikata. In 2001, the Government of India renamed Calcutta as Calcutta.

history of Calcutta
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social period
In 1690, Job Charnock, an agent of the East India Company first came to the megacity and bought three townlets( Sutanuti, Calcutta, Gobindapur) from a original landlord. In 1699, the East India Company began to develop the megacity as a presidential city and named it Calcutta. The British hold on Calcutta came important after its protestation as the capital of British India in 1772. The megacity passed rapid-fire industrialization. Richard Wellesley, the Governor- General of Calcutta, worked diligently on the megacity’s armature and developed it as a” megacity of palaces”. This was the period of high British influence on Calcutta culture.

history of Calcutta
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The struggle for independence
With the spread of education and westernisation, the’ Renaissance’ phase began in Bengal. numerous social reform movements were carried out and a growing intellectual population began to understand the meaning of freedom and the megacity came the center of India’s independence struggle. All the pressures led to the stirring of the capital of British India to Delhi. Indeed after the transfer, Calcutta remained a major center of trade and the struggle for independence.
History and culture
With its expansive history and rich traditions, Kolkata has come the artistic and intellectual capital of India. Bengalis love poetry, music, theatre, film and art. There are numerous art galleries, galleries, heritage spots and film and music products in Kolkata. Durga Puja is the most extravagant religious jubilee in the megacity, when the thoroughfares turn into glowing processions and men and women immerse themselves in the colors of Vermillion. Millions of lights are lit in the thoroughfares and huge and various complexion statues of Goddess Durga are displayed in open belvederes called pandals.
Kolkata in Kolkata | Get Detail ...
history of Calcutta
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Architecture and structure
Kolkata is home to numerous major structures and structures that have been declared as” Heritage Structures”. Victoria Memorial, Raja Ram Mohan Palace, Fort William, Belur Math and Writers Building are some of the most important literal structures in the megacity. numerous structures are decorated India's 1st underwater metro in Kolkata ...with classical Indo- Islamic and Indo- Saracenic architectural motifs.

history of Calcutta
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moment, Kolkata is a bustling megalopolis with an underground metro, high- rise structures, bulging escapism and large commercial services. still, the megacity still proudly maintains its status as the artistic capital of India with multitudinous memorials of the megacity’s social history scattered across the length and breadth of the megacity.

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